Who Owns Fidelity Investments



Fidelity Investments is a renowned financial services company that has left an indelible mark on the investment industry. With a rich history spanning over seven decades, Fidelity has built a solid reputation for its commitment to providing clients with cutting-edge investment solutions. As one of the largest and most trusted asset management firms in the world, Fidelity has garnered the trust of millions of individuals and institutions worldwide.

Since its inception in 1946, Fidelity Investments has grown to become a key player in the financial services sector, offering a wide range of products and services, including mutual funds, brokerage services, retirement planning, and wealth management. With its customer-centric approach and a relentless focus on innovation, Fidelity has positioned itself as a leader in the industry, consistently delivering value to its clients.

The success of Fidelity can be attributed to its unwavering commitment to its core values, which include integrity, excellence, and customer satisfaction. By prioritizing these values, the company has been able to build long-lasting relationships with its clients and establish a strong foothold in the competitive investment landscape.

With its vast experience and expertise, Fidelity Investments offers a comprehensive suite of investment options tailored to meet the diverse needs of investors. Whether individuals are planning for retirement, saving for education, or looking to grow their wealth, Fidelity provides a range of investment vehicles and guidance to help clients make informed decisions.

Moreover, Fidelity Investments prides itself on its cutting-edge technology and digital platforms, which empower clients to access their accounts, track their investments, and stay updated with the latest market trends. This seamless integration of technology and finance has made it easier for individuals and institutions to manage their investments and stay ahead in an ever-changing market environment.

In the following sections, we will delve into the detailed history of Fidelity Investments, explore the individuals and entities that own the company, and examine the notable changes in ownership over the years. Additionally, we will also take a closer look at the management structure and key stakeholders, highlighting the regulatory framework within which Fidelity operates. By the end, you will have a comprehensive understanding of the ownership structure and key players behind this esteemed financial institution.


History of Fidelity Investments

The story of Fidelity Investments began in 1946 when Edward C. Johnson II established Fidelity Management & Research Company. Initially, the company focused on managing mutual funds for individual investors, providing them with access to a diversified portfolio of securities. Over time, Fidelity expanded its offerings and transformed into a comprehensive financial services firm.

In the early years, Fidelity Investments experienced steady growth as it gained recognition for its expertise in managing mutual funds. The company’s commitment to delivering consistent returns to its clients helped it establish a strong foothold in the investment industry. By the end of the 1950s, Fidelity became one of the largest mutual fund companies in the United States.

As the mutual fund industry evolved, Fidelity embraced technological advancements to streamline operations and provide better services to its clients. In the 1980s, Fidelity pioneered the use of computers for trading and investment management, revolutionizing the industry. The company leveraged its technological prowess to launch Fidelity Online Xpress, a platform that allowed investors to access their accounts and trade securities online.

The 1990s witnessed significant growth for Fidelity Investments as it expanded its product offerings and diversified its business. Fidelity introduced its widely popular self-directed brokerage platform, enabling clients to trade stocks, bonds, and other securities directly. The company also made strategic acquisitions, including the purchase of Colonial Mutual Funds, strengthening its presence in the retirement savings market.

In the early 2000s, Fidelity Investments continued to innovate and adapt to changing market dynamics. It launched Fidelity Advisor Funds, catering to financial advisors and their clients, and introduced the Fidelity 401(k) platform, providing employers with retirement plan solutions. Fidelity also expanded globally, establishing a presence in Europe and Asia to serve its growing international client base.

Today, Fidelity Investments is a global leader in asset management, serving millions of investors worldwide. The company’s commitment to innovation, customer service, and investment excellence has earned it numerous accolades and recognition in the financial industry. Fidelity remains at the forefront of technological advancements, harnessing artificial intelligence and data analytics to provide personalized investment solutions tailored to individual needs.

With a storied history spanning over seven decades, Fidelity Investments continues to evolve and adapt to the ever-changing investment landscape. Through its unwavering commitment to its clients and its dedication to delivering exceptional financial solutions, Fidelity remains a trusted and respected name in the world of investments.


Founders and Early Ownership

Fidelity Investments was founded by Edward C. Johnson II in 1946. Johnson, a former employee of the mutual fund company Wellington Management, recognized the potential of the growing mutual fund industry and set out to establish his own investment management company. Johnson’s vision was to provide individual investors with access to professionally managed mutual funds and help them achieve their financial goals.

In the early years, Fidelity Investments was a family-owned business, with Edward C. Johnson II serving as the Chairman and CEO. Johnson’s son, Edward C. “Ned” Johnson III, joined the company in 1957 and played a crucial role in shaping its growth and success. Ned Johnson succeeded his father as the Chairman and CEO in 1977, continuing the family’s legacy of leadership.

Under the Johnson family’s stewardship, Fidelity Investments experienced remarkable growth. The company’s dedication to offering innovative investment solutions and delivering superior performance attracted a loyal client base. Fidelity’s mutual funds gained recognition for their long-term investment approach and ability to generate consistent returns, further solidifying the company’s position in the market.

While Fidelity remained predominantly under Johnson family ownership, the company made a strategic move in 1947 by establishing the Fidelity Foundation. The foundation, funded primarily by Fidelity Investments, focuses on philanthropic initiatives in education, arts, and culture, among other areas. The establishment of the foundation showcased Fidelity’s commitment to giving back to the community and supporting social causes.

As Fidelity Investments expanded its operations and client base, the company began to attract external investors. In 1969, Fidelity established the Fidelity Mutual Trust, allowing outside investors to participate in the company’s funds. This marked a significant shift in ownership, as Fidelity was no longer solely owned by the Johnson family but opened to investors seeking exposure to its funds.

In 1984, Fidelity underwent another ownership development when it made a strategic decision to offer shares of its stock to its employees. This Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP) allowed Fidelity employees to become shareholders in the company and participate in its growth and success. The move not only further aligned the interests of the employees with the company’s performance but also allowed for a more widespread ownership structure.

Today, while Fidelity Investments has expanded its ownership structure to include a broader base of employees and external investors, the Johnson family still maintains a significant stake in the company. This blend of family ownership and wider shareholder participation has been instrumental in shaping Fidelity’s long-term strategies and preserving its core values.

The successful stewardship by the Johnson family and the incorporation of external ownership have played a crucial role in Fidelity’s growth and standing in the investment industry. The company’s commitment to its founding principles, combined with the diverse ownership structure, has positioned Fidelity Investments as a trusted and successful financial services provider for individuals and institutions across the globe.


Current Ownership Structure

Fidelity Investments, as one of the largest asset management firms, has a complex ownership structure that includes a mix of individual and institutional investors, as well as employee ownership. While Fidelity is not a publicly traded company, it does have external shareholders who hold shares in certain Fidelity funds and products.

The majority ownership of Fidelity Investments is still held by the Johnson family. Edward C. “Ned” Johnson III, the son of the company’s founder, serves as Chairman Emeritus and continues to have a significant influence on the company’s operations and strategic direction. Ned Johnson’s daughter, Abigail Johnson, has taken on a prominent leadership role and currently serves as Chairman and CEO of Fidelity Investments.

In addition to family ownership, Fidelity has expanded its ownership to include employees through various employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs). These plans allow employees to become shareholders in the company, aligning their interests with the long-term success of Fidelity. Employee ownership not only fosters a sense of ownership and dedication among employees but also contributes to a strong company culture and commitment to client satisfaction.

Furthermore, Fidelity Investments offers a range of mutual funds, including the Fidelity Advisor Funds and Fidelity Select Funds, which are available to individual and institutional investors. These funds allow investors to participate in the performance of various asset classes, such as equities, fixed income, and alternative investments. While the exact ownership distribution of these funds may vary depending on the specific fund, they collectively represent a significant portion of Fidelity’s ownership.

It is worth noting that Fidelity Investments emphasizes its commitment to treating all shareholders equally, regardless of the size of their investment. This dedication to fairness and equal treatment has contributed to the company’s reputation as a trusted asset manager, attracting both retail and institutional investors.

While the specific ownership percentages of individual investors and institutions in Fidelity Investments are not publicly disclosed, it is evident that the company remains closely tied to the Johnson family’s ownership. This continuity of family ownership, combined with employee ownership and a wide range of external shareholders, has contributed to the stability and success of Fidelity Investments.

Overall, Fidelity Investments maintains a robust and diversified ownership structure that combines family ownership, employee involvement, and external shareholders. This mixed ownership model has played a crucial role in the company’s growth and allows Fidelity to continue delivering on its commitment to excellence and innovation in the financial services industry.


Key Stakeholders

As a prominent player in the financial services industry, Fidelity Investments has a diverse set of stakeholders who play significant roles in the company’s operations and success. These stakeholders include clients, employees, regulators, and the broader community. Understanding the needs and interests of these stakeholders is crucial for Fidelity to maintain its reputation and continue to thrive in the competitive market.

One of the primary stakeholders of Fidelity Investments is its clients, who entrust the company with their investments and financial goals. Fidelity is committed to serving its clients’ best interests by providing a range of investment options, personalized advice, and excellent customer service. Client satisfaction is crucial for Fidelity’s success, as loyal and satisfied clients play a vital role in driving the company’s growth and reputation.

Employees also play a critical role in the success of Fidelity Investments. The company recognizes the importance of attracting and retaining top talent and strives to create a supportive and inclusive work environment. Fidelity offers ample opportunities for career development, encourages employee ownership through various stock ownership plans, and fosters a culture of innovation and collaboration. Engaged and motivated employees are essential in delivering exceptional service to clients and driving the company’s growth.

Regulators are another key stakeholder for Fidelity Investments. As a financial services company, Fidelity operates within a highly regulated environment to protect the interests of investors and maintain market integrity. Fidelity maintains a strong focus on compliance with applicable laws and regulations, working closely with regulators to ensure transparency, accountability, and adherence to industry standards. Maintaining a good relationship with regulators is crucial for Fidelity’s business operations and reputation.

The broader community is also an important stakeholder for Fidelity Investments. Fidelity aims to be a responsible corporate citizen and actively participates in philanthropic initiatives through the Fidelity Foundation. The company supports educational programs, arts and cultural organizations, and various social causes. Fidelity’s contributions to the community help build goodwill and strengthen its reputation as a socially responsible organization.

In addition to these key stakeholders, Fidelity Investments also engages with industry partners, such as financial advisors and institutional investors. Collaborating with financial advisors allows Fidelity to expand its reach and serve a broader client base. Partnering with institutional investors provides Fidelity with valuable insights into market trends and helps shape the development of new investment products and services.

By understanding the diverse needs and interests of its key stakeholders, Fidelity Investments can make informed decisions and continually improve its offerings. The company’s success hinges on maintaining strong relationships with clients, fostering employee engagement, adhering to regulatory requirements, and positively impacting the community. Fidelity’s commitment to meeting the needs of its stakeholders ensures the sustainability and growth of the organization in the ever-evolving financial landscape.


Management and Leadership

Fidelity Investments is led by a team of experienced executives who are responsible for driving the company’s strategic initiatives and ensuring its continued success. The leadership team at Fidelity blends the company’s rich history with a forward-thinking approach, enabling the firm to adapt to changing market dynamics and deliver value to its stakeholders.

At the helm of Fidelity Investments is Abigail Johnson, who serves as the Chairman and CEO. Abigail Johnson, the daughter of Fidelity’s founder, has played an instrumental role in shaping the company’s direction and growth. Under her leadership, Fidelity has continued to expand its product offerings and embrace technological advancements to better serve clients. Abigail’s strategic vision has helped Fidelity maintain its position as a leader in the financial services industry.

The executive leadership team at Fidelity Investments also includes a diverse group of individuals who bring their expertise and insights to the table. These leaders are responsible for overseeing various aspects of the company’s operations, including investment management, client services, technology, and compliance.

Fidelity Investments places a strong emphasis on talent development and grooming leaders from within the organization. The company believes in nurturing its employees and providing them with opportunities for growth and advancement. This commitment to developing internal talent ensures that Fidelity has a strong pipeline of future leaders who understand the company’s values and can drive its long-term success.

Furthermore, Fidelity’s leadership team fosters a culture of innovation and collaboration. They encourage employees to think creatively, explore new ideas, and challenge the status quo. This culture of innovation has enabled Fidelity to stay at the forefront of technological advancements, offering groundbreaking digital platforms and investment solutions to its clients.

Fidelity’s commitment to excellence and customer-centricity is embedded in its leadership practices. The company recognizes the importance of putting clients first and delivering exceptional service. The leadership team at Fidelity sets the tone for a client-centric culture and ensures that all employees understand the importance of meeting and exceeding client expectations.

With an experienced and forward-thinking leadership team, Fidelity Investments is well-equipped to navigate the ever-changing financial landscape. The leadership’s focus on innovation, talent development, and a client-first approach ensures that Fidelity remains at the forefront of the industry and continues to deliver value to its clients and stakeholders.


Prominent Shareholders

Fidelity Investments, as a privately held company, does not publicly disclose detailed information about its shareholders. However, it is known that the majority ownership of Fidelity remains with the Johnson family, who founded the company. Edward C. “Ned” Johnson III, the son of the founder, and his daughter, Abigail Johnson, hold key positions in the company and play significant roles in shaping its direction.

Abigail Johnson, who serves as the Chairman and CEO of Fidelity Investments, has been actively involved in the company for many years and holds a significant stake as a member of the founding family. Under her leadership, Fidelity has continued to expand its product offerings and strengthen its position as one of the leading asset management firms globally.

While the precise ownership distribution and the identities of other major shareholders are not publicly disclosed, Fidelity Investments offers various mutual funds and investment products to individual and institutional investors. These funds have their own distinct set of shareholders who invest in the funds’ assets. However, the collective ownership of these shareholders may not directly translate into ownership of Fidelity Investments as a whole.

In addition to individual and institutional investors, Fidelity Investments has a significant number of employee shareholders. The company has implemented several employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) over the years, allowing employees to become shareholders in the company. The ESOPs provide an opportunity for employees to have a financial stake in the company’s success and further align their interests with those of the shareholders.

It is worth noting that Fidelity Investments prides itself on being an employee-owned company, with a culture that fosters a sense of ownership and dedication among its employees. This unique ownership structure can contribute to a strong company culture and a focus on delivering exceptional client service.

While the specific shareholders and their ownership percentages may not be publicly disclosed, Fidelity Investments’ prominence in the industry and its successful track record in investment management have undoubtedly attracted a wide range of shareholders. The company’s reputation for excellence, innovation, and long-term growth has likely resonated with investors seeking exposure to Fidelity’s investment products and its expertise in the financial services industry.

Overall, while the exact makeup of Fidelity’s prominent shareholders may not be publicly known, it is evident that the Johnson family holds a significant stake, and employees are also meaningful shareholders through various stock ownership plans. This combination of family ownership, employee involvement, and external investors reflects Fidelity Investments’ commitment to a diversified and inclusive ownership structure that has contributed to its success and ongoing growth.


Ownership Changes and Acquisitions

Throughout its history, Fidelity Investments has undergone various ownership changes and strategic acquisitions to enhance its capabilities and expand its market presence. These changes have played a critical role in shaping the company’s growth and success in the financial services industry.

In the early years, Fidelity Investments was primarily family-owned, with the Johnson family maintaining majority ownership. However, as the company grew and expanded its operations, outside investors were given the opportunity to invest in Fidelity’s mutual funds. This shift allowed the company to bring in external shareholders and diversified the ownership structure.

Fidelity Investments has also engaged in several strategic acquisitions to strengthen its competitive position and broaden its product offerings. One significant acquisition was the purchase of Colonial Mutual Funds in the 1990s, which strengthened Fidelity’s presence in the retirement savings market. This strategic move allowed Fidelity to expand its offerings to include retirement planning services and solidify its position as a leader in the industry.

Over the years, Fidelity Investments has continued to acquire other companies and assets to enhance its capabilities and market reach. These acquisitions have varied in size and scope, spanning different sectors of the financial services industry. By strategically acquiring companies that align with its vision and expertise, Fidelity has been able to stay ahead of evolving market trends and offer innovative solutions to its clients.

Additionally, Fidelity Investments has made investments in technology and digital platforms to improve its operations and enhance the client experience. The company has developed robust online platforms that allow clients to access their accounts, trade securities, and obtain personalized investment advice. Fidelity’s investments in technology have positioned it as a leader in the digital transformation of the financial services industry.

It is important to note that while Fidelity has acquired various companies and assets, it has also experienced ownership changes within its own structure. The establishment of employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) has allowed Fidelity employees to become shareholders in the company and contribute to its long-term success. This employee ownership structure further aligns the interests of employees with the goals and objectives of the company.

It is worth mentioning that Fidelity Investments remains committed to maintaining its independence as a privately held company. This commitment allows Fidelity to focus on long-term growth and deliver value to its clients without the short-term pressures often associated with public ownership.

In summary, ownership changes and strategic acquisitions have been integral to Fidelity Investments’ growth and success. The company’s ability to adapt to market changes, expand its offerings, and embrace technological advancements has contributed to its position as a leading financial services provider. The mix of family ownership, external shareholders, and employee ownership has created a diverse and balanced ownership structure that supports Fidelity’s ongoing success and commitment to its stakeholders.


Regulation and Compliance

As a prominent financial services company, Fidelity Investments operates within a highly regulated environment. The company is subject to regulations and oversight by various regulatory bodies to ensure transparency, investor protection, and fair market practices. Compliance with these regulations is of utmost importance to Fidelity in maintaining its credibility and safeguarding the interests of its clients and shareholders.

Fidelity Investments adheres to a comprehensive regulatory framework that governs its operations. The company is regulated by agencies such as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in the United States, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) in the United Kingdom, and other regulatory bodies in the countries where it operates. These regulatory agencies oversee various aspects of Fidelity’s operations, including offering investment products, client communications, and compliance with securities laws.

To ensure compliance, Fidelity has implemented robust internal control systems and procedures. The company has dedicated teams that are responsible for monitoring and ensuring adherence to regulatory requirements. These teams collaborate closely with legal and compliance departments to identify and address any potential compliance risks in a timely manner.

Fidelity Investments places a strong emphasis on the importance of ethical conduct and integrity in its business practices. The company has established a Code of Ethics and Conduct that sets high standards for employees’ behavior and requires adherence to applicable laws and regulations. This code guides employees’ actions and reinforces Fidelity’s commitment to transparency, fairness, and professionalism.

In addition to complying with regulations, Fidelity Investments actively engages with regulators to contribute to the development of regulatory policies and industry standards. The company participates in industry forums and regulatory consultations, providing insights and expertise to help shape the regulatory landscape. By engaging in constructive dialogue with regulators, Fidelity demonstrates its commitment to fostering an environment conducive to investor protection and market stability.

Compliance with regulations extends to Fidelity’s approach to data security and privacy. The company invests in robust cybersecurity measures and safeguarding client data to ensure protection against cyber threats. Fidelity adheres to data privacy regulations, such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in the European Union, to ensure the confidentiality and security of client information.

Moreover, Fidelity Investments maintains a strong focus on anti-money laundering (AML) and Know Your Customer (KYC) regulations. The company has dedicated AML/KYC teams responsible for monitoring and preventing any potential money laundering activities. Fidelity’s commitment to preventing financial crimes is crucial in maintaining trust and confidence in its operations and protecting the integrity of the financial system.

In summary, Fidelity Investments operates within a robust regulatory framework and places a significant emphasis on compliance. The company’s commitment to ethical conduct, transparency, and adherence to regulations ensures investor protection, maintains market integrity, and reinforces the company’s reputation as a trusted financial services provider. By continuously monitoring and adapting to regulatory changes, Fidelity Investments demonstrates its commitment to excellence in compliance and strives to meet the evolving needs of its clients and stakeholders.



Fidelity Investments stands as a leading financial services company with a rich history, a commitment to client satisfaction, and a dedication to innovation in the investment industry. Founded in 1946 by Edward C. Johnson II, Fidelity has evolved into a global asset management firm known for its comprehensive investment solutions, excellent customer service, and forward-thinking approach.

The ownership structure of Fidelity is characterized by a blend of family ownership, employee ownership, and external shareholders. The Johnson family remains the majority owner, with Abigail Johnson playing a significant role as the Chairman and CEO, carrying on the family legacy. Employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) further contribute to the ownership landscape, fostering a sense of dedication and alignment among employees.

Fidelity’s commitment to its stakeholders is evident in its client-centric approach, employee engagement, regulatory compliance, and corporate philanthropy. From individual investors to institutional clients, Fidelity strives to deliver exceptional investment products, personalized services, and a seamless digital experience.

The company’s leadership team, led by Abigail Johnson, guides Fidelity with a vision for growth, client satisfaction, and innovation. They foster a culture of excellence, collaboration, and long-term thinking, which has positioned Fidelity at the forefront of the industry.

Regulation and compliance are of utmost importance to Fidelity Investments, as the company operates within a highly regulated environment. Fidelity’s commitment to ethical conduct, maintaining data security and privacy, and collaborating with regulatory agencies ensures that clients can trust the company with their investments.

In conclusion, Fidelity Investments has achieved remarkable success by staying true to its core values, adapting to industry changes, and meeting the evolving needs of its stakeholders. As the investment landscape continues to evolve, Fidelity will undoubtedly continue to innovate and remain a trusted partner for investors seeking to build and protect their wealth.

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