What Is MRR In SaaS?



Welcome to the world of Software as a Service (SaaS), a rapidly growing industry that has revolutionized the way businesses operate and deliver their services. In this dynamic landscape, understanding key metrics is crucial for success. One of the most important metrics in the SaaS industry is Monthly Recurring Revenue (MRR).

MRR is a vital metric that helps SaaS companies measure their financial health and gauge the growth and stability of their business. It provides valuable insights into the revenue generated on a monthly basis, allowing companies to make informed decisions and take strategic actions.

In this article, we will delve deeper into the significance of MRR in the SaaS industry, explore its calculation and components, discuss the benefits of tracking MRR, highlight other SaaS metrics related to MRR, and present strategies to increase MRR. By the end, you will have a comprehensive understanding of MRR and its role in driving success in the SaaS world.

So, let’s dive into the world of MRR and discover how it can impact your SaaS business.


Definition of MRR

MRR, or Monthly Recurring Revenue, is a key performance indicator (KPI) used in the SaaS industry to measure the predictable revenue generated by a SaaS company on a monthly basis. It represents the total revenue from all active subscriptions or recurring charges that customers pay each month.

MRR is typically calculated by summing up the monthly charges of all active customers or subscribers. It provides a clear picture of the stability and growth of a SaaS business, as it reveals the revenue that can be expected from existing customers in the future.

In essence, MRR reflects the baseline revenue that a SaaS company can rely on every month. It is a crucial metric that helps businesses assess their financial health, make revenue projections, estimate customer lifetime value, and determine the scalability of their operations.

To illustrate further, let’s consider an example. Suppose a SaaS company has 100 customers, and each customer pays a monthly subscription fee of $100. The MRR for this company would be $10,000 ($100 x 100 customers), indicating that it generates $10,000 in predictable revenue each month.

It’s important to note that MRR includes only recurring revenue streams, such as subscription fees, and excludes one-time charges, implementation fees, or any variable charges that are not consistent every month.

By tracking MRR, SaaS companies can gain valuable insights into their revenue patterns, identify growth trends, and make data-driven decisions to optimize their operations and drive business success.


Importance of MRR in SaaS

MRR plays a crucial role in the SaaS industry and is highly valued for several reasons. Let’s explore the importance of MRR in more detail:

  1. Financial Health: MRR is a reliable indicator of a SaaS company’s financial health. By tracking MRR, businesses can assess their revenue stability, identify trends, and monitor their financial performance.
  2. Predictable Revenue: MRR represents the recurring revenue that a SaaS company can rely on each month. This predictability allows businesses to plan their expenses, investments, and growth strategies more effectively.
  3. Growth Measurement: MRR provides valuable insights into a SaaS company’s growth trajectory. By monitoring changes in MRR over time, businesses can determine the effectiveness of their sales and marketing efforts and make informed decisions to drive sustainable growth.
  4. Investor Confidence: MRR is a key metric that investors consider when evaluating the value and potential of a SaaS company. A steady and increasing MRR indicates a healthy and thriving business, making it more attractive to investors.
  5. Customer Retention: MRR is closely tied to customer retention. By analyzing MRR, SaaS companies can identify trends, patterns, and churn risks, enabling them to implement proactive strategies to reduce customer attrition and increase customer lifetime value.
  6. Business Scalability: MRR provides insights into a SaaS company’s scalability. By tracking MRR growth rates and customer acquisition costs, businesses can determine whether their operations can handle rapid growth or if adjustments and optimizations are necessary.

In summary, MRR is a critical metric that allows SaaS companies to assess their financial health, plan for growth, and make informed decisions. It provides clarity and predictability, enabling businesses to attract investors, retain customers, and scale their operations effectively.


Calculation of MRR

Calculating MRR involves summing up the monthly recurring charges or subscription fees from all active customers. While the specific method may vary depending on the business model and pricing structure, the general formula to calculate MRR is as follows:

MRR = Sum of Monthly Subscription Fees of Active Customers

To break it down further, let’s consider a few scenarios:

  1. Single Pricing Tier: If a SaaS company offers a single pricing tier, the MRR calculation is straightforward. You simply need to multiply the number of active customers by the monthly subscription fee.
  2. For example, if a SaaS company has 200 active customers and each customer is paying a subscription fee of $50 per month, the MRR would be $10,000 ($50 x 200).

  3. Multiple Pricing Tiers: In cases where a SaaS company offers multiple pricing tiers, each with a different subscription fee, MRR can be determined by summing up the monthly charges for each tier.
  4. For example, let’s say a SaaS company has three pricing tiers: Basic, Standard, and Pro. The number of customers in each tier and their respective subscription fees are as follows:

    • Basic (100 customers, $20/month)
    • Standard (150 customers, $50/month)
    • Pro (50 customers, $100/month)

    The MRR can be calculated by summing up the monthly charges for each tier: MRR = (100 x $20) + (150 x $50) + (50 x $100) = $2,000 + $7,500 + $5,000 = $14,500.

  5. Prorated Charges: In situations where customers may join or cancel their subscriptions mid-month, proration is applied. This means that the charges are adjusted based on the number of days the customer was active during the billing cycle.
  6. For example, if a customer signs up for a monthly subscription on the 15th of the month, they are charged for the remaining half of the month. In the next billing cycle, their MRR contribution will be the full monthly subscription fee.

By accurately calculating MRR, SaaS companies can gain insights into their recurring revenue and track their financial performance over time.


Components of MRR

MRR consists of various components that contribute to the overall monthly recurring revenue of a SaaS company. Understanding these components is essential for gaining insights into the sources of revenue growth and identifying areas for improvement. Let’s explore the key components of MRR:

  1. New MRR: New MRR represents the revenue generated from new customer subscriptions or upgrades to higher pricing tiers. It reflects the growth potential of a SaaS company and indicates its ability to acquire new customers.
  2. Expansion MRR: Expansion MRR refers to the additional revenue generated from existing customers who upgrade their plans or add additional features. It demonstrates the company’s success in upselling and cross-selling to its customer base.
  3. Churned MRR: Churned MRR represents the revenue lost due to customer cancellations, downgrades, or churn. It is important to closely monitor churned MRR as it directly impacts the overall revenue and customer retention of a SaaS company.
  4. Contraction MRR: Contraction MRR accounts for the revenue reduction resulting from existing customers downgrading their plans or removing features. It indicates potential customer dissatisfaction or the need for adjustments in pricing and offerings.
  5. Net New MRR: Net New MRR is the overall change in monthly recurring revenue after considering the new MRR, expansion MRR, churned MRR, and contraction MRR. It provides a comprehensive view of the net growth or decline in revenue.

By analyzing these different components of MRR, SaaS companies can identify the drivers of revenue growth, assess the impact of customer churn, and evaluate the effectiveness of their upselling and cross-selling strategies. Monitoring and optimizing these components allows businesses to make data-driven decisions to improve their MRR and overall financial performance.


Benefits of Tracking MRR

Tracking Monthly Recurring Revenue (MRR) offers numerous benefits for SaaS companies. Let’s explore some of the key advantages of monitoring and analyzing MRR:

  1. Financial Insights: Tracking MRR provides valuable financial insights into a SaaS company’s revenue stream. It helps businesses assess their financial health, measure stability, and make projections for future growth.
  2. Business Growth Evaluation: MRR serves as an essential metric for evaluating business growth. By analyzing changes in MRR over time, businesses can identify growth trends, track the effectiveness of their sales and marketing efforts, and make informed decisions to promote sustainable growth.
  3. Data-Driven Decision Making: MRR allows for data-driven decision making. By understanding the drivers of revenue growth and the impact of customer churn, SaaS companies can use MRR data to make informed decisions about pricing strategies, customer acquisition, and retention efforts.
  4. Performance Evaluation: MRR provides a measure of performance for sales and marketing teams. It allows businesses to gauge the effectiveness of their customer acquisition strategies, evaluate customer lifetime value, and optimize their sales funnels and conversion rates.
  5. Investor Attraction: MRR is a crucial metric for attracting investors. A steady and increasing MRR demonstrates a healthy and thriving business model, making it more attractive to potential investors and stakeholders.
  6. Customer Retention Analysis: MRR helps identify trends in customer churn, downgrade rates, and expansion revenue. By tracking MRR related to customer retention, companies can implement strategies to improve customer satisfaction, reduce churn, and enhance overall customer lifetime value.
  7. Benchmarking: MRR can be used to benchmark a SaaS company’s performance against industry standards and competitors. By comparing MRR growth rates, pricing models, and customer acquisition strategies, businesses can identify areas for improvement and stay competitive in the market.

In summary, tracking MRR offers numerous benefits for SaaS companies. It provides financial insights, evaluates business growth, supports data-driven decision making, helps with performance evaluation, attracts investors, enables customer retention analysis, and facilitates benchmarking against industry standards. By harnessing the power of MRR, SaaS companies can optimize their operations and drive sustainable growth.


SaaS Metrics Related to MRR

Monthly Recurring Revenue (MRR) is a vital metric in the SaaS industry, and several other metrics are intertwined with MRR in assessing the health and performance of a SaaS business. Let’s explore some of the key SaaS metrics related to MRR:

  1. Customer Lifetime Value (CLTV): CLTV represents the predicted net profit attributed to the entire relationship with a customer. Understanding the CLTV helps businesses determine the value of acquiring and retaining customers, making it closely tied to MRR.
  2. Cohort Analysis: Cohort analysis involves segmenting customers based on the time they started their subscription. Analyzing MRR by cohort helps identify trends, understand customer behavior, and evaluate the effectiveness of customer success strategies.
  3. Churn Rate: Churn rate measures the percentage of customers who cancel their subscriptions during a specific period. Churn rate directly impacts MRR, as customer churn results in lost revenue. Monitoring and reducing churn rate is crucial for maximizing MRR and ensuring business sustainability.
  4. Net Revenue Retention (NRR): NRR measures the revenue retained from existing customers after accounting for churn, contraction, and expansion. A positive NRR indicates that the company is effectively upselling, cross-selling, and retaining customers, leading to increased MRR.
  5. Customer Acquisition Cost (CAC): CAC represents the cost incurred to acquire a new customer. Understanding CAC in relation to MRR allows businesses to evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of their marketing and sales strategies and assess the return on investment for customer acquisition efforts.
  6. Annual Run Rate (ARR): ARR extrapolates the current MRR to project annual revenue. It provides a snapshot of the company’s revenue trajectory and can be useful in forecasting and assessing growth potential.
  7. Expansion Revenue: Expansion revenue refers to the additional revenue generated from existing customers through upselling or cross-selling. Measuring and tracking expansion revenue alongside MRR provides insights into the company’s ability to increase revenue from its existing customer base.

By considering these related metrics in conjunction with MRR, businesses can gain a comprehensive understanding of their financial performance, customer behavior, and growth potential. Monitoring, analyzing, and optimizing these metrics collectively contribute to building a successful and sustainable SaaS business.


Challenges in Tracking MRR

While tracking Monthly Recurring Revenue (MRR) is essential for SaaS companies, it is not without its challenges. Let’s explore some of the common challenges that businesses face when tracking MRR:

  1. Complex Pricing Models: SaaS companies often offer various pricing tiers, add-ons, and discounts, resulting in complex pricing structures. Calculating MRR accurately becomes challenging when there are multiple pricing options and frequent changes to the pricing model.
  2. Proration and Billing Periods: In situations where customers join or cancel their subscriptions mid-month, proration and managing different billing cycles can complicate the calculation of MRR. Tracking changes accurately and applying the correct proration rules are essential for precise MRR calculations.
  3. Integration and Data Accuracy: Integrating data from various sources, such as billing systems and customer relationship management (CRM) platforms, can pose challenges. Discrepancies in data and inaccuracies in tracking customer subscriptions can lead to errors in calculating MRR.
  4. Foreign Currency Conversion: For SaaS businesses operating globally, converting MRR from different currencies into a single currency can be challenging. Fluctuations in exchange rates and managing currency conversions accurately are crucial for precise MRR calculations.
  5. Seasonality: Some SaaS businesses experience seasonality in their revenue, where MRR may fluctuate due to factors like holidays or specific industry cycles. Accounting for seasonality and normalizing MRR data becomes important to accurately track revenue trends and projections.
  6. Churn Attribution: Identifying the specific reasons for customer churn and attributing the lost MRR accurately can be difficult. Customers may cancel for various reasons, and determining the exact cause of churn requires comprehensive data analysis and customer feedback.
  7. Growth Rate Consistency: As a SaaS business scales, maintaining consistent growth rates in MRR becomes more challenging. A high growth rate at the early stages may not be sustainable in the long term, and managing growth while identifying realistic growth targets is crucial.

Overcoming these challenges requires implementing robust processes, utilizing accurate data sources, and employing reliable tracking and analytics tools. By addressing these challenges, SaaS companies can ensure more accurate MRR calculations, better insights into their financial performance, and effective decision making for future growth.


Strategies to Increase MRR

Increasing Monthly Recurring Revenue (MRR) is a priority for SaaS companies looking to grow and scale their business. Here are some effective strategies that can help boost MRR:

  1. Upselling and Cross-selling: Encourage existing customers to upgrade to higher-tier plans or add additional features through upselling and cross-selling strategies. Offer incentives, personalized recommendations, and demonstrate the value of the upgraded options to increase MRR.
  2. Price Adjustments: Regularly review pricing models to ensure they align with the value provided by the product or service. Consider introducing new pricing tiers, adjusting pricing structures based on customer segments or usage, or offering discounts for annual subscriptions to entice customers and increase MRR.
  3. Retention and Renewal: Focus on customer retention and ensure high renewal rates. Offer exceptional customer support, provide value-added services, and proactively address customer concerns to reduce churn and maintain steady MRR growth.
  4. Improve Onboarding and User Experience: Enhance the onboarding process and user experience to increase customer satisfaction and engagement. A seamless and intuitive user experience reduces customer frustration and increases the likelihood of long-term usage, positively impacting MRR.
  5. Expand the Customer Base: Implement effective marketing and sales strategies to acquire new customers and expand the customer base. Target new markets, invest in lead generation, optimize conversion funnels, and leverage content marketing and social media to drive customer acquisition and boost MRR.
  6. Introduce Add-ons or Premium Features: Provide optional add-ons or premium features that customers can purchase to enhance their experience and improve their productivity. These additional offerings provide an opportunity to increase MRR by offering value-added options to customers.
  7. Implement Usage-based Pricing: Consider offering usage-based pricing models where customers are charged based on their usage or consumption of the product or service. This increases MRR as customers who utilize the product more pay higher subscription fees.
  8. Customer Feedback and Iteration: Actively seek and incorporate customer feedback to continually improve the product or service. Refine features, address pain points, and prioritize development based on customer needs. By providing a solution that aligns closely with customer requirements, you can increase customer satisfaction and MRR.

Implementing these strategies requires a customer-centric approach, effective communication, and a deep understanding of customer preferences. By consistently focusing on improving customer value, increasing customer retention, and acquiring new customers, businesses can successfully boost MRR and drive sustainable growth.



Monthly Recurring Revenue (MRR) is a critical metric for SaaS companies, providing insights into the financial health, growth potential, and customer retention of a business. By tracking MRR and its related components, SaaS companies can make informed decisions, optimize their operations, and drive sustainable growth.

Throughout this article, we have explored the definition of MRR, its calculation, the components that contribute to MRR, and the importance of tracking MRR in the SaaS industry. We also discussed various SaaS metrics related to MRR and the challenges involved in accurately tracking MRR.

Additionally, we highlighted strategies to increase MRR, such as upselling, cross-selling, retention efforts, pricing adjustments, customer acquisition, and improving the overall customer experience.

Understanding and effectively managing MRR allows SaaS companies to evaluate their financial performance, identify growth opportunities, attract investors, and make data-driven decisions to optimize their operations. It positions businesses for success in the competitive SaaS market by driving customer retention, increasing revenue, and facilitating sustainable growth.

In conclusion, MRR is a key metric that SaaS companies need to prioritize and track consistently. By leveraging MRR and its related metrics, businesses can navigate the dynamic SaaS landscape, maximize revenue potential, and build a thriving and successful SaaS business.

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