Older blog entries for mikegotis (starting at number 38)

8 Dec 2006 (updated 8 Dec 2006 at 05:24 UTC) »

The humanoid Manatron project is complete. It's a remarkable symbiotic union of technologies. It's led to unbelievable things! Expanding, I've moved on with two new bipeds, both advanced humanoids. The first is undergoing final wiring constructs with programming, designed to become a market product.

The second is standing by the closet waiting for a head. It represents a quantum leap of technology - bridging the gap between now and the future. A parts order will arrive today or tomorrow. Then work will continue on humanoid #2.

Since moving to the Republic of China from the USA, boxes are still arriving by mail and work includes setting up home and a humanoid robotics laboratory. There's a tiny library of books - language, electronics, robotics, programming and engineering next to the lab. The shelves overflow with various assorted robots and humanoid parts. There's humanoid stuff stowed in the closet, under the bed, in desk drawers, on shelves, and in boxes!

Since the startup company (Humanoid Robotics Laboratory), things are rapidly progressing. In the Asian Arena, there's access to a new world of humanoid robotics technology. There's hundreds of computer and electronics parts stores, a SONY store with many robots, governments that support humanoid robots, companies developing their own humanoids to demonstrate their advanced technologies, and thousands of hobbyists - each with their own versions of walking humanoids. Here, not all robots are seen as terminators out to destroy mankind, but rather as benign constructive helping robots.

A big plus living here is easy access to many trade robotics shows such as Robodex, RoboOne, etc. I can only describe my experience like a voyage to another planet - a real dream come true, even if I must run the air conditioner from time to time in December. :-)

You'll now see an updated MANaTRON humanoid robot web site, with new pictures at:


Manatron Humanoid Robot is now submitted to Robots.Net for potential inclusion in the robot gallery. I look forward to seeing him in the near future!

I'd like to thank Ken Gracey for providing robotic parts and some computers for this wonderful project. Ken and Parallax were awesome and I'd recommend Parallax for their many fine products and most outstanding product support.

I've had the best of luck with their Basic Stamp Computers. Although I have several others, I prefer the Basic Stamp 2. This is why a handful of BS2 computers was successfully used in project Manatron.

Notice I call these computers rather than microcontrollers because after upgrading them with displays, supporting boards, memory, keyboards, sw, etc., they more resemble microcomputers.

mikegotis - Now that Manatron humanoid robot is completed, it will be interesting to run more experiments on the humanoid language core. Though there are memory constrains, it's still quite possible to expand the speech capabilities using a programmable matrix. It would be nice to have a light cube of known refractory index to hold the speech buffer and develop a lightspeed holo version. That kind of light compression allows multiple channels and much greater language capacity (multi-languages). When you shoot through language rays, you truly feel like a pilot of a lightspeed galaxy class star ship! Using monochromatic single sourced laser light allows trail and density viewings by ocular inspection. To let you know how serious I've become about HLC, I recently purchased 40 monochromatic lasers to substantially increase the number of three dimensional light channels. Currently that gives more power than I can use at the moment. Although these paths are currently micrometrically positioned, I can envision a computerized system with ms timing, automatically positioned.

It's interesting to note Alta Vista translators and similar have steadily increased the number of languges that can be translated bidirectionally. The method of translation is to translate each word and then its left up to the listener or reader to decipher the meanings, brute force if you will. In the humanoid language core however, we can choose the modus operandi, and specify the constraints. We therefore have greater language controls. Mike Otis

28 Aug 2004 (updated 29 Aug 2004 at 04:58 UTC) »

more on manatron!!!

MANaTRON built by Mike G. Otis - mikegotis@yahoo.com

MANaTRON humanoid is an autonomous biped robot that accomplishes a lot with only 6 servos - walk, talk, see, balance, dance, and Tai Chi Martial Arts. Its success is due to a handful of networked Basic Stamp computers and an innovative light weight aluminum exoskeleton.

Taking two years to build from 2002 to 2004, he?TM]s the latest ?enumber five†in a family of robots, and the first biped humanoid in this series. There were ten variations of MANaTRON named ?ePrimary Tertiary Adjunct (1 to 10) of ten†as a tribute to Seven of Nine in Star Trek.

A programmable robotic voice, based on the popular GI- SPO256 speech synthesizer chip and a custom language core, forms speech in 6 languages.

MANaTRON has motion controlled feet, legs, arms, torso, and head, using hobby servos and tiny computer networks. Multiple miniature robotic computers are task dedicated for specific functions and have their own operating systems.

While these tiny computers serve as a higher ordered brain, talking back and forth, they have modular and core programming to facilitate added programming, routines, or more brain core.

Rechargeable 9-volt and AA Batteries distributed throughout the body maintain center of gravity. The low number of servos combined with extra powerful Nickel Metal Hydride cells is a great combination for maximizing LBC (life between charges).

Parts are taken from various sources inclusive of kitchen tin cans, materials from the Republic of China, and a Toddler robot kit. Four added motions are accomplished with a mechanical mobility core. A miniature mercury inclinometer improves walking on inclined surfaces.

PBASIC Programming software is uploaded to BS2s with a portable Apple Macintosh iBook computer running OSX and MACBS2. The humanoid has its own unique OS for extended capability.

The development brain during "grow up, teach, and test" phases, consisted of tiny OEM computers, solderless breadboard, matrix keyboard, 64K RAM, LCD, controller, speech board, and LEDs. To formulate the range of motion, upper body mechanics were mounted on a large Chinese Cola bottle. Legs were treated as a module. Then, calculated motions were programmed, everything was assembled, and finally, the contents of one brain was transferred to the other.

Seeing the humanoid move slowly, executing Tai Chi Martial Arts with robo-precision, or dance the motions to a heartfelt love song is enough to make lasting impressions on those who see it for the first time! It would be exciting to take MANaTRON across the USA, Germany, Russia, China, Japan, and Indian Reservations, because he speaks the language!


Tilt Inclinometer Controller I/O Computer Network Infrared Vision 6 DOF Servos Speech Synthesizer LEDs (LCD for development) Weight: One Pound About $500 in parts to duplicate

MANaTRON http://hometown.aol.com/mikegotis/myhomepage/photo.html http://www.geocities.com/mikegotis/manatron.html http://www.androidworld.com/prod10.htm http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&ie=ISO-8859-1& amp;q= manatron+humanoid

Zylatron http://www.robotics.com/robomenu/zylatron.html http://robots.net/robomenu/1007157821.html

Son of Zylatron (SOZ) http://www.robotics.com/robomenu/soz.html http://robots.net/robomenu/1025188599.html

Automatron http://www.robotics.com/robomenu/automatron.html

BUGaTRON (da Chong) http://www.robotics.com/robomenu/bugatron.html http://robots.net/robomenu/1031079661.html

My free Inclinometer Plans - posted in the pictures section http://groups.yahoo.com/group/toddler_robot/

email: mikegotis@yahoo.com

8 Aug 2004 (updated 8 Aug 2004 at 01:37 UTC) »

MANaTRON Humanoid Robot now speaks in six languages. I recently completed a second "MANaTron" Humanoid Robot web page at

http://hometown.aol.com/mikegotis/myhomepage/ photo.html

This one contains information about how the humanoid was built, the SPO256 electronic allophone speech chip, construction, and links. The photo is also much larger and more detailed than the first. This shows the exoskeleton and other aspects.

Work on a new project is proceeding nicely, called the Humanoid language Core (HLC), primarily software based at this time, it gathers information to speak in six languages. A working proto is installed inside MANaTRON.

4 Aug 2004 (updated 4 Aug 2004 at 02:24 UTC) »

I posted several pictures of my completed humanoid MANaTRON, at the photos section in the Yahoo Toddler Robot group...


Look for the Mike G. Otis folder and HUMANOID. There are five pictures and a text image.

I've also created a MANaTRON web site...


This humanoid is a proof of concept. It's gone through many stages of development, some more technical, some less. I tried to simplify this version as much as possible, not only in terms of weight but operating technicality. I'd like to make a web site devoted to the complete speech system. It's nice to program the humanoid in other languages such as Chinese and Japanese. You never know when that will come in handy during an international trip.

2 Apr 2004 (updated 2 Apr 2004 at 09:49 UTC) »

Project MANaTRON is nearing completion. Here's the preliminary description of this humanoid robot:

Class: Walking Humanoid

Brains: Multiple

Motion: Head, arms, feet, legs, torso

Cost: $500

Servos: 6

Microcontrollers: multiple Basic Stamp 2

Speech: SPO256 Allophone Processor

Exoskeleton: Aluminum tin cans

Walking: Tilt and stride

Languages: Multilingual

Programming: PBASIC

Vision: IR detectors

Backpack: SSC controller

Meet MANaTRON - the most exciting, sophisticated and newest robot in the homebuilt Tron family! (other members include Zylatron, Son of Zylatron, Bugatron, and Automatron)

Built from 2002 to 2004, MANaTRON is the first family humanoid, with six degrees of freedom - enabling motions for arms, legs, feet, head, and torso.

For tilt and stride, this humanoid uses a Basic Stamp computer and parts from a Parallax Toddler kit. The key to its expanded mechanical motions is a miniature upper mobility core, created from four unionized servos mounted orthogonal to each other.

Expansion success is all about "center of gravity" and weight control. MANaTron sports chrome colors in a nearly weightless and highly durable outfit comprised of recycled aluminum sardine cans, nylon nuts & bolts, and phenolic washers.

Programming is with a Macintosh computer and PBASIC - an efficient language designed specifically for microcontroller applications. MANaTRON is completely self sufficient and autonomous.

Additional Basic Stamp 2 computers are distributed throughout the robots tin can exoskeleton, interfaced to a serial servo controller SSC for motion, and add-ons such as SPO256 alophone speech, infrared vision, tilt inclinometer, and expansion pcb's.

Prototyping was accomplished with two Parallax BOEs (Board of Education), and solderless breadboards purchased in Taiwan.

Power is derived from on-board 9-volt and AA batteries, distributed throughout, for weight distribution. A home- built inclinometer fine tunes walking across surfaces that are not level. The robot stands just over 14-inches tall, and would cost about $500 in parts to duplicate.

Bringing MANaTRON to life is a spectacular experience! Primary applications are education, fun, and hobby. He can do simple walk, dance, Chinese Tai Chi, and is multilingual as programmed. For more information:

Zylatron http://www.robotics.com/robomenu/zylatron.html Son of Zylatron (SOZ) http://www.robotics.com/robomenu/soz.html AutomaTron http://www.robotics.com/robomenu/automatron.html BUGaTRON (da-Chong) http://www.robotics.com/robomenu/bugatron.html

email: mikegotis@yahoo.com

Parallax has made it possible for me to continue work more rapidly on the 3D computer by supplying parts for expanding the number of spacial computers. You will remember this project was conceived with just two computers and a hardware interface. The interface design is now purely optical and lensing in nature, and "n" dimensional, and is leading to the addition of numerous computers located in n-space.

N-space makes it possible for all computers to simultaneously contribute to the core as light paths can become infinitely dense. The population density goes to infinity as the optical dimension increases. Over the last 2 years, the phase of the project was primarily mathematical, with work continuing to perfect the ultimate matrix equation.

I recently assembled two more computers and have these working and tested. The primary reason for developing the optical n-dimensional 3D computer is for use as a humanoid brain. (Current networked computers are far too slow for use as advanced robot brains.) I wish to give my personal thanks to Parallax company and Ken Gracey for their support and interest in this project. Their basic stamp computer is ideal for a number of robotic projects. Their web site is at http://www.parallaxinc.com/

Work is commencing on a new robotics lab, one that is expanded to support the vast amount of equipment necessary to create the latest biped humanoid. This new research laboratory will have additional facets such as an astronomical observatory, special storage buildings for cybernetic inventory, multifield parts (such as optics, mechanics, optoelectronics, magnetics, particle dynamics, electrical and electronic, etc.), vehicular garage, communications equipment, multiple security systems, scientific research library, computers and internet, and all the essentials for comfort. I've worked nearly a year on this project!

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